The constructed-response question on this page measured analysis and interpretation skills for the theme of Culture. Students had to combine a close study of the picture with knowledge of the factors that motivated people to settle on the frontier in the 19th century. Student responses were scored according to a 3-point scale as "Complete," "Partial," or "Inappropriate." The sample response below is an example of a "Complete" response.
Overall, 24 percent of fourth-graders were scored as having a "Complete" response. When only the students at the Proficient level are considered, 50 percent scored "Complete."
See more about this question in the NAEP Questions Tool.
View this question, at score 325, on a map of NAEP U.S. history items.
Find out what the U.S. history assessment measures.