The constructed-response question on this page measured analysis and interpretation skills for the historical theme of Technology. Students could use the map provided to help them discuss the impact that the transcontinental railroad system had on the development of the western United States. Student responses were scored according to a 3-point scale as "Complete," "Partial," or "Inappropriate." The sample response below is an example of a "Complete" response.
Overall, 39 percent of eighth-graders' responses were rated "Complete." When only the students at the Proficient level are considered, 73 percent of responses were scored as "Complete."
See more about this question in the NAEP Questions Tool.
View this question, at score 286, on a map of NAEP U.S. history items.
Find out what the U.S. history assessment measures.